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Breaking Down the Elements of Hip Hop Dance

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Hip hop dance is a cultural movement that has taken the world by storm. This energetic and expressive form of dance is deeply rooted in African American and Latino communities and has evolved into a global phenomenon. From its origins in the Bronx during the 1970s, hip hop dance has grown to become one of the most popular dance styles in the world. With its unique blend of street-style moves and choreographed routines, hip hop dance has captivated audiences and inspired generations. In this article, we will break down the elements of hip hop dance and explore how you can improve your skills so that you too can be a part of this vibrant community.

What is Hip Hop Dance?

What Is Hip Hop Dance?
Hip hop dance is more than just a form of movement, it’s a cultural phenomenon that has taken the world by storm. It originated in the African American and Latinx communities in the Bronx during the 1970s and has since evolved into a global phenomenon with many different styles and movements. The fusion of music, dance, and fashion has had a tremendous impact on popular culture and continues to influence the world today. To understand more about this amazing art form, let’s dive deeper into the origin, evolution, styles, and movements of hip hop dance. You can learn about the history and evolution of hip hop dance in our article “The History and Evolution of Hip Hop Dance”.


Hip Hop dance has its roots in the African American and Latino communities in the United States in the 1970s. It emerged as a way for these marginalized groups to express themselves and their experiences through movement and music. This Cultural Movement was a direct response to the social and political issues of the time, such as poverty, racism, and violence.

At the bronx block parties, DJ’s would play music using two turntables and a mixer, and dancers would compete against each other. Breaking, Popping and Locking were among the original techniques that were developed on the streets of New York City during this time. These dance styles were heavily influenced by funk music, soul, and disco.

During the 1980s, Hip Hop dance began to spread beyond the block parties. This was a result of television and movies that featured dances such as breaking, locking, and popping. The incorporation of Hip Hop dance elements into popular culture helped to make this dance style more accessible to audiences outside of the urban communities where it originated.

Today, Hip Hop dance has become a global phenomenon and has evolved to incorporate a wide range of styles and techniques. While it may have started as a way for marginalized communities to express themselves and their experiences through movement and music, it has grown to become a popular form of artistic expression that transcends cultural boundaries.


Hip hop dance evolved from the hip hop culture that emerged in the South Bronx and Harlem in the 1970s. It originated from the party scene where people would dance to funk and soul music. As the music evolved, so did the dance. It became more improvisational, allowing dancers to create their own style and steps.

In the 1980s, the emergence of breakdancing, also known as breaking, took the hip hop dance world by storm. Breakdancing consists of acrobatic and athletic moves, such as spins, jumps, and freezes. It became one of the most popular styles of hip hop dance and is still widely practiced today.

Another major style that emerged in the 1980s was popping and locking. Popping involves contracting and relaxing muscles to create staccato movements, while locking involves freezing in a certain position and then quickly transitioning to another. These styles added a funkier feel to hip hop dance and were often incorporated into breaking routines.

In the 1990s, hip hop dance experienced a surge in popularity thanks to music videos and movies that featured the dance style. New styles also emerged, such as krumping, which originated in the streets of Los Angeles and involves intense, high-energy movements.

Today, hip hop dance continues to evolve and incorporate influences from other dance styles, such as contemporary and jazz. Dancers are constantly pushing the boundaries and creating new moves to keep the dance fresh and exciting.

Source: Hip Hop Dance Competitions and Their Impact on the Dance World


In hip hop dance, there are various styles that have been developed over the years. Each style has its own unique characteristics, movements, and cultural influences. Let’s take a closer look at some of the most popular styles of hip hop dance:

Style Description
Breaking Also known as breakdancing, this style originated in the Bronx in the 1970s. It includes acrobatic and athletic movements such as floor spins, kicks, and freezes.
Popping Based on the technique of quickly tensing and relaxing muscles to create a popping effect, this style originated on the West Coast in the 1970s. It also includes fluid, waving movements.
Locking Created by Don Campbell in the 1960s, this style involves exaggerated arm and hand movements, which are locked and then released.
Krumping Developed in South Central Los Angeles in the early 2000s, this style is known for its high-energy, aggressive movements, and expressive facial expressions.
Party Dances These are fun and energetic dances that are usually performed in groups at parties and social events. Examples include the Cha-Cha Slide, the Cupid Shuffle, and the Electric Slide.
Floorwork This style involves movements on the floor such as spins, slides and balances. It requires a lot of strength and flexibility and is commonly used in breaking.

It’s important to note that there are many more styles of hip hop dance out there, and new ones are constantly being developed as the culture evolves. Each style has its own history, culture and influences and can be used for different purposes. Whether you want to break it down like the pioneers of hip hop or get groovy with some party dance moves, there is a style of hip hop dance out there for everyone.

If you want to learn some basic hip hop dance moves, check out our article on 5 Hip Hop Dance Moves for Beginners. If you’re interested in the cultural significance and impact of hip hop dance, learn more about the role of hip hop dance in social justice and how it has influenced fashion trends.


Hip Hop dance is known for its diverse range of movements that can range from smooth and fluid to sharp and aggressive. It is a dance form that combines various elements of dance and music, allowing for a unique form of self-expression through movement. Some popular hip hop dance moves include:

  • Breaking: Also known as breakdancing, this hip hop dance style is focused on fast and intricate footwork, acrobatic movements such as spins, and freezes, where dancers hold a position while balancing on one or more parts of their body. Some of the most legendary names in hip hop dance got their start in breaking and it continues to be a popular style in the culture today.
  • Popping: This style of hip hop dance emphasizes quick and sudden movements that contract and relax the body’s muscles, creating a popping effect. This style often incorporates robotic movements, illusions, and waving. Popping is closely related to another style known as “boogaloo,” which emphasizes gliding and footwork.
  • Locking: Locking emphasizes fluid movements and large, exaggerated gestures, with an emphasis on moving in time with the music. This style often includes using arm movements to “lock” into a specific pose or “point” in the music. As with popping, locking is often combined with other styles and elements to create a unique choreography.
  • Krumping: Considered a more aggressive style of hip hop dance, krumping is characterized by free, expressive movements that emphasize angry, aggressive, or playful emotions. This style is often performed in battles, with two or more dancers attempting to outdo each other with their moves and energy. Like breaking, krumping has its own unique workout benefits that can help you build strength and endurance while also learning new moves.
  • Party Dances: These types of dances are often seen in social settings, such as clubs or parties, and involve simple, upbeat movements that are easy to follow along with. Examples include the “running man,” the “shuffle,” and the “cupid shuffle.” These dances are accessible to dancers of all skill levels and are a great way to get comfortable with hip hop dance.
  • Floorwork: This aspect of hip hop dance involves movements that are performed on the ground, often combined with elements of breaking, popping, or locking. Floorwork can include moves such as the “baby swipe” or “spinning lizard” and can be challenging but rewarding for those who want to push their dance skills to a new level.

Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced dancer, incorporating these movements into your routine can help you improve your skills and deepen your connection to the culture of hip hop dance. By combining elements of breaking, popping, locking, krumping, party dances, and floorwork, you can create a unique style and express yourself through movement in new and exciting ways.

The Elements of Hip Hop Dance

The Elements Of Hip Hop Dance
When it comes to Hip Hop Dance, there are several elements that combine to create this dynamic style of dance. Each element brings its own unique groove, rhythm, and attitude to the dance. These elements are crucial in building the foundations of hip hop dance, and mastering them is essential for any aspiring hip hop dancer. In this segment of the article, we will delve into the breakdown of the key elements of Hip Hop Dance, including Breaking, Popping, Locking, Krumping, Party Dances, and Floorwork. Understanding these elements not only allows for a deeper appreciation of hip hop culture but also provides a solid platform on which to build your skills as a dancer.


Breaking is a style of hip hop dance that originated among African American and Latinx youth in the 1970s in the Bronx, New York. It is also known as breakdancing and b-boying. Breaking is characterized by acrobatic, dynamic movements that emphasize strength, agility, and rhythm.

Breaking consists of four main elements: toprock, downrock, power moves, and freezes. Toprock is the footwork that is performed while standing up, often used as a warm-up or introduction to the dance. Downrock, also known as footwork, involves moving around on the floor with intricate, continuous foot movements. Power moves are acrobatic moves that require a lot of strength and momentum, such as spins, flips, and body twists. Freezes are finishing poses that involve balancing on one or more body parts.

Breaking grew out of a culture of competition, with dancers competing against each other in battles where they would show off their moves and try to outdo their opponents. The dance style became popularized in mainstream media through films such as “Wild Style” and “Beat Street,” and has since been incorporated into mainstream dance and entertainment.

While breaking has traditionally been associated with male dancers, there is a growing movement towards inclusivity and breaking being more accessible to people of all genders. Breaking also has a strong connection to hip hop music, as dancers often perform to the beat and rhythm of the music, accentuating different elements of the song with their movements.

To learn breaking, it’s important to start with the basics and develop a strong foundation of toprock, downrock, and footwork. From there, dancers can progress to learning power moves and freezes. It’s also important to have a good understanding of rhythm and timing, as well as body control and strength.

Breaking is a dynamic and exciting style of hip hop dance that combines acrobatics, footwork, and rhythm. It is a highly physical and competitive dance style, but also emphasizes creativity and self-expression. The connection between hip hop music and dance is essential for understanding the origins and evolution of breaking, as well as its continued relevance today.


Popping is a street dance style that emphasizes quick and strong muscle contractions to create sharp and precise movements. It originated in California in the 1960s and is a core element of hip hop dance.

The Basics:
To get started with popping, dancers need to learn how to contract and release their muscles quickly and efficiently. This involves practicing small and isolated movements of various body parts. Some of the basic popping moves include:

  • The Pop: A quick contraction of the muscles that creates a sharp movement.
  • The Wave: A fluid movement that travels through the body, resembling the motion of a wave.
  • The Twist-O-Flex: A twisting movement of the arms and torso that creates a flexing effect.

Advanced Moves:
As dancers progress in their popping skills, they can begin to combine moves and add their own flair to create more complex and visually impressive performances. Some advanced popping moves include:

  • The Robot: A series of mechanical movements that give the illusion of a robot or machine.
  • The Glide: A move that involves sliding one foot while keeping the other foot stationary.
  • The Moonwalk: Made famous by Michael Jackson, this move involves sliding backwards while appearing to walk forwards.

Incorporating Popping into Choreography:
Popping can be incorporated into hip hop dance choreography in various ways. Dancers can use popping moves as accents or punctuation in between other dance steps, or they can build entire routines around popping sequences. One popular way to use popping in choreography is to create a slow-motion effect by combining waves and pops with fluid movement.

Gender Roles in Popping:
In the early days of popping, the style was predominantly performed by men. However, as the dance evolved and became more mainstream, women began to participate and make their own contributions to the style. Today, both men and women can be seen performing popping moves with mastery and style.

If you want to learn more about the role of gender in hip hop dance culture, check out our article on Gender Roles in Hip Hop Dance Culture.


Locking is one of the most energetic and vibrant styles of hip hop dance. This particular dance style was invented by Don Campbell during the early 1970s. It involves quick and sharp movements of the body, with frequent pauses that synchronize with the beat of the music. Locking requires a high level of coordination and control over the body, along with a good sense of rhythm.

The following are some of the key elements of Locking:

  • The Lock: This is the signature move of Locking, where the dancer stops abruptly and freezes, locking their body into a specific position. This move is typically performed with the arms, legs and the torso locked in specific angles, often in opposition to one another.
  • The Point: Locking involves frequent pointing of fingers or other body parts in sync with the rhythm. This move is often used to emphasize certain beats or notes in the music.
  • The Wrist Roll: This is another iconic move of Locking. It involves a quick and smooth rolling of the wrists while keeping the arms locked in position. It is often performed in sync with the beat of the music.
  • The Scooby Doo: This is a fun and playful move that involves bending one’s knees in a crouching position, while simultaneously swinging their arms like a pendulum, followed by a quick lock and freeze.
  • The Uncle Sam: This move involves pointing the index finger of one hand to the sky and the other hand to the ground, while simultaneously locking the entire body in a pose.

To master Locking, it is important to practice these moves repeatedly until they become ingrained in muscle memory. It is also important to have a good sense of rhythm and to be able to sync the moves with the music. Additionally, Locking requires a significant amount of energy and stamina, as it is a very high energy dance style.

Locking is a visually stunning and energetic style that has evolved over time, influenced by a variety of other dance styles such as funk and disco. It is a great way to express yourself through movement and can be enjoyed by dancers of all skill levels.


Krumping is a type of Hip Hop dance style that originated in the early 2000s in Los Angeles, California. It is characterized by aggressive and energetic movements, which are meant to convey a range of emotions, including anger, frustration, and joy.

Some of the key characteristics of Krumping include the use of rapid, rhythmic movements, such as chest pops, arm swings, and foot stomps. These movements are typically performed in a freestyle manner, with dancers improvising their routines in response to the music and their own emotions.

Here are some key elements of Krumping that you should keep in mind:

  • Aggressive energy: Krumping is a highly energetic and aggressive dance style that requires a lot of physical exertion.
  • Emotional expression: The rapid movements and expressive gestures are meant to convey a range of emotions, including anger, frustration, and joy.
  • Freestyle improvisation: Unlike some other Hip Hop dance styles, Krumping is all about freestyle improvisation, with dancers coming up with their own moves on the spot.
  • Unique style: Krumping is known for its unique style, which incorporates a range of elements from other Hip Hop styles, including popping, locking, and breaking.
  • Community involvement: Krumping has a strong sense of community involvement, with dancers often forming crews and participating in battles and competitions.

Krumping is a highly expressive and dynamic form of Hip Hop dance that requires a high degree of physical skill and emotional intensity. If you are interested in learning Krumping, be prepared to put in a lot of practice and effort, and to connect with a community of dancers who share your passion for this exciting and unique dance style.

Party Dances

When it comes to hip hop dance, it’s not just about the flashy moves and intricate choreography. Sometimes, it’s just about having fun and getting down on the dancefloor with some classic party dances.

These dances have become iconic in hip hop culture and are often simple enough for anyone to pick up and enjoy. Here are a few of the most popular ones:

The Wobble The Wobble is a line dance that involves a series of steps and turns. It’s often danced to the song “Wobble” by V.I.C. and is a staple at weddings, parties, and other events.
The Cupid Shuffle The Cupid Shuffle is another popular line dance that involves a series of simple steps. It’s often danced to the song “Cupid Shuffle” by Cupid and is a favorite at school dances and weddings.
The Cha Cha Slide The Cha Cha Slide is a line dance that’s often played at parties and weddings. It’s danced to the song “Cha Cha Slide” by DJ Casper and involves a series of simple steps and moves like “Slide to the left” and “Slide to the right.”
The Dougie The Dougie is a popular party dance that involves a swaying motion and a series of arm movements. It was popularized by the song “Teach Me How to Dougie” by Cali Swag District and has become a staple at parties and clubs.
The Stanky Legg The Stanky Legg is a dance that involves a series of leg movements and a “stanky” leg. It was popularized by the GS Boyz and has become a favorite at parties and clubs.

While these dances may not be as complex as some of the other elements of hip hop dance, they are still an important part of the culture and a great way to let loose and have fun on the dancefloor. So the next time you’re at a party, don’t be afraid to bust out a few of these classic moves!


Floorwork is one of the essential elements of hip hop dance, often seen in battles and performances. It involves using different body parts to move and groove while on the ground. Here are some important things to keep in mind when incorporating floorwork into your routine:

  • Protect your body: Before starting any floorwork, it is important to make sure that the surface you are dancing on is clean and free from any hazards or sharp objects that could cause injury. Additionally, take the necessary precautions to protect your joints by wearing knee pads and wrist guards.
  • Use your entire body: Floorwork is all about utilizing different parts of your body to create different shapes and movements. Don’t be afraid to explore the flexibility of your spine or the strength of your core muscles to come up with unique and dynamic movements.
  • Control your weight: As you transition from one position to another, be mindful of your weight distribution. Keep your center of gravity low and centered to maintain balance and control.
  • Play with levels: Use the space around you to move up or down the floor, incorporating different levels into your routine. Explore levels that can take you from the floor to standing positions, and vice versa.
  • Think about musicality: Incorporate the rhythm and musicality of the song you are dancing to into your floorwork. Create movements that mimic the beats and sounds of the music.
  • Experiment with variations: Once you have mastered the basics of floorwork, experiment with variations and different styles to make your routine more dynamic and unique.

With these tips in mind, you can incorporate floorwork into your routine to add depth and interest to your hip hop dance style. However, always remember to prioritize safety and protect your body while dancing on the floor.

How to improve your Hip Hop Dance skills

Improving your Hip Hop Dance skills requires dedication, perseverance, and a willingness to experiment and push yourself out of your comfort zone. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced dancer, the journey to mastering this dynamic and expressive dance form is a continuous one. In this section, we will explore some tips and strategies for taking your Hip Hop Dance skills to the next level. From learning from the experts to practicing your moves, we will break down the essential elements of what it takes to become a proficient and creative Hip Hop dancer. So, let’s dive in and discover how you can improve your Hip Hop Dance skills today!

Learning from the experts

One of the best ways to improve your hip hop dance skills is to learn from the experts in the field. Here are some tips on how to do just that:

  • Take classes: Look for dance schools or programs in your area that offer hip hop classes. Take classes from experienced instructors who specialize in different styles of hip hop dance.
  • Watch videos: Watch YouTube videos of hip hop dance performances and take note of the movements and styles. Pay attention to the techniques that the dancers use and the way they interpret the music.
  • Attend workshops: Attend workshops or seminars that are conducted by renowned hip hop dancers. This is a great way to improve your skills and learn new techniques from the experts themselves.
  • Study the history: Familiarize yourself with the history of hip hop dance and the pioneers who contributed to its development. Understanding the roots of this art form can give you a deeper appreciation and understanding of its various styles and movements.
  • Collaborate with other dancers: Work with other dancers who are passionate about hip hop dance. Collaborating with others can help you gain new insights and perspectives on how to improve your skills.

Learning from the experts can give you the knowledge and techniques to improve your hip hop dance skills. It’s important to take advantage of every opportunity to learn from others and grow in your craft.

Practice, practice, practice

One of the most important elements of improving your hip hop dance skills is to practice regularly. Consistent practice allows your muscle memory to develop and helps you become more comfortable with the movements. Here are some tips to help you make the most out of your practice sessions:

  • Start with the basics: Just like any other skill, it’s important to start with the basics. Mastering the fundamentals of hip hop dance will set a strong foundation for more complex movements.
  • Break down moves: Don’t be afraid to break down the movements step-by-step. Practice each segment of the movement separately, and once you feel comfortable, combine them together.
  • Use mirrors: Mirrors are a great tool to help you see your movements from different angles. They can also help you identify areas that need improvement.
  • Record yourself: Recording yourself dancing can help you identify areas that need improvement that you may not have noticed otherwise.
  • Practice with others: Practicing with others can help you learn new moves and get feedback on your dancing. It’s also a great way to stay motivated and have fun.
  • Challenge yourself: Don’t be afraid to try new movements and challenge yourself. Pushing out of your comfort zone is how you grow and improve as a dancer.

Remember, practice is key if you want to improve your hip hop dance skills. Whether you’re dancing by yourself or with others, consistently practicing the fundamentals and challenging yourself to try new movements will help you become a better dancer.

Experiment and find your own style

One of the most exciting aspects of hip hop dance is the ability to create and innovate. While it’s important to learn the foundational movements and styles, it’s equally important to experiment and find your own unique style.

Why is finding your own style important?

Hip hop dance is all about self-expression, and finding your own style allows you to showcase your personality and individuality through your movements. It can also help you stand out in a crowded dance scene and give you a competitive edge if you decide to pursue hip hop dance professionally.

How can you experiment and find your own style?

There are several ways you can start exploring and developing your own style:

1. Attend workshops and classes outside of your comfort zone Try taking classes that focus on styles or movements you’re not familiar with. This can help you expand your repertoire and approach dance from a different perspective.
2. Mix and match different styles Don’t be afraid to blend different movements and styles together to create your own unique fusion. For example, you could incorporate breaking footwork into your popping routine or add locking arm movements to your krumping routine.
3. Create your own choreography Challenge yourself to create your own dance routines using the movements and styles you’ve learned. This allows you to experiment and find what works best for you while developing your own creative voice.
4. Collaborate with other dancers Working with other dancers or choreographers can expose you to new styles and movements, and help you learn how to blend different personalities and techniques together to create something unique.

Remember to stay true to yourself

As you experiment and develop your own style, it’s important to stay true to yourself and not let the pressure to conform to certain trends or expectations compromise your authenticity. Don’t be afraid to take risks and try new things, but always stay true to your personal style and unique voice.

Stay inspired

Maintaining motivation and inspiration is key to improving your hip hop dance skills. Here are some tips to stay inspired:

  • Watch performances: Watching experienced dancers do their thing can be incredibly inspiring. Whether it’s in person or online, seeing what is possible and the level of skill that can be achieved through hip hop dance can fuel your own desire to improve.
  • Listen to music: Hip hop music is the heartbeat of the dance style, so immerse yourself in the music. Not only can it help you learn the rhythm and beat, but it can also inspire you to create your own movements.
  • Take classes and attend workshops: Learning from skilled instructors in a structured environment can provide the motivation needed to keep pushing yourself. Attending workshops can also expose you to different styles and movements, sparking creativity.
  • Dance with others: Dancing with other people who share a passion for hip hop dance can be a great way to feed off each other’s creativity and energy.
  • Create challenges: Setting challenges for yourself, such as learning a new routine or perfecting a specific movement, can keep you motivated and focused on improving.

Remember, finding inspiration is unique to each individual. So, experiment with different methods to find what works for you and keep pushing yourself to become the best hip hop dancer you can be.


As with any art form, hip hop dance is a constantly evolving genre that requires passion, creativity, and dedication to master. While the origins of hip hop dance can be traced back decades, the influence of the culture continues to spread across the world today.

By breaking down the elements of hip hop dance, we can appreciate the intricacies of the different styles and movements that make up this vibrant form of expression. From the acrobatic flips of breaking to the fluid isolations of popping, each element requires its own unique set of skills to master.

If you’re looking to improve your own hip hop dance skills, the key is to learn from the experts, practice consistently, experiment with different styles, and stay inspired by new and creative moves. Ultimately, it’s your own passion and creativity that will help you find your own unique style within the hip hop community.

Whether you are a seasoned dancer or just starting out, hip hop dance offers endless opportunities for self-expression and creativity. With hard work and dedication, anyone can become a proficient hip hop dancer and contribute to the rich history and ongoing evolution of this exciting art form. So put on your dancing shoes and let the rhythm move you toward a fulfilling and rewarding journey in hip hop dance.

Preguntas frecuentes

What makes Hip Hop Dance unique compared to other dance forms?

Hip Hop Dance is unique because it incorporates a lot of improvisation which allows for individual expression and interpretation of the music. It also often tells a story or has a message to convey.

Why is understanding the history of Hip Hop Dance important?

Understanding the history of Hip Hop Dance is important because it helps to appreciate the roots and origins of the dance form. It also helps to respect the culture and understand the social and political context in which it developed.

What are some common styles of Hip Hop Dance?

Common styles of Hip Hop Dance include Breaking, Popping, Locking, Krumping, and party dances such as the Dougie or the Whip/Nae Nae.

What are some key movements in Hip Hop Dance?

Some key movements in Hip Hop Dance include the wave, the body roll, the lock, the twist, the pop, and the bounce.

What is the difference between Breaking, Popping, and Locking?

Breaking is characterized by floorwork and acrobatic movements, Popping involves sudden muscular contractions and releases to create a popping effect, and Locking involves sudden stops and pauses in movements.

What is Krumping?

Krumping is a high-energy, intense style of Hip Hop Dance that originated in Los Angeles in the early 2000s. It involves aggressive movements and facial expressions.

Why is practice important for improving Hip Hop Dance skills?

Practice is important for improving Hip Hop Dance skills because it allows for muscle memory to develop and for movements to become more natural and fluid. It also helps to improve technique and overall performance.

Can anyone learn Hip Hop Dance?

Yes! Anyone can learn Hip Hop Dance regardless of age, fitness level, or dance background. It just takes dedication, practice, and a willingness to learn.

What should I wear to a Hip Hop Dance class?

Wear clothing that is comfortable and allows for movement such as sweatpants or leggings and a t-shirt or tank top. Sneakers with good support are also important.

What are some tips for finding my own style in Hip Hop Dance?

Experiment with different styles and movements, pay attention to music and lyrics to convey emotion and tell a story through movements, and always be open to inspiration and creativity.


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